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Summary Ancient "3d printing" Technique (Cylinder Seal VA-243) This ancient analog Sumerian "3d printing" seal can be used to quickly print & share information into mud, wet sand and clay! You can use the steps in this tutorial to make a seal with your own design for example logo/message/cartoon etc. or make a replica of one of the ancient Sumerian seals. Don't forget to share it here on Thingiverse! The steps in the tutorial can also be used for converting 2d pictures, illustrations, patterns, etc. into 3d printable bracelets, lithophanes and other round shaped things The oldest found seals are around 3500 B.C. engraved with written characters or figurative scenes or both, used in the ancient times to roll an impression onto a surface, generally wet clay. The seal I used in this tutorial is named: VA 243 (Its named that way because it is number 243 in the collection of the Vorderasiatische Museum in Berlin) What can be learned from this model?: Ancient visual way of teaching and storytelling Ancient technology for quick spreading of information How to use these seals Simple way of analogue "3d printing/stamping" Ancient 3d printing technique What can be learned from this Tutorial?: Tracing 2d image Converting 2d into 3d object Bending/rolling 3d models variety of free (3d) software Make your creations printable Controversial knowledge: The Sumerians had advanced astronomical knowledge of the planetary bodies in our solar system The seal is showing Niburu / Planet X Readers of Zecharia Sitchin’s books, particularly The 12th Planet, will recognize the above seal, VA 243. This seal is the centerpiece of Sitchin’s theory that the Sumerians had advanced astronomical knowledge of the planetary bodies in our solar system. This knowledge was allegedly given to the Sumerians by extraterrestrials, whom Sitchin identifies as the Anunnaki gods of Sumero-Mesopotamian mythology. In the upper left-hand corner of the seal, Sitchin argues, one sees the sun surrounded by eleven globes. Since ancient peoples (including the Sumerians according to Sitchin) held the sun and moon to be “planets,” these eleven globes plus the sun add up to twelve planets. Of course, since we now know of nine planets plus our sun and moon, part of Sitchin’s argument is that the Sumerians knew of an extra planet beyond Pluto. This extra planet is considered by Sitchin to be Nibiru, an astronomical body mentioned in Mesopotamian texts. Sitchin’s works detail his contention that Nibiru passes through our solar system every 3600 years, and so some believers in Sitchin’s theory contend that Nibiru will return soon. Some followers of Sitchin’s ideas also refer to Nibiru as “Planet X”. Is Sitchin correct – in whole or in part? Continue reading why some say he is wrong: http://www.sitchiniswrong.com/VA243seal.pdf If we leave the right or wrong about the planets in the middle, this piece is still a fascinating piece of history and the print speed of this technique is amazing! ;) Start printing like a ancient Sumerian today! Print Settings Printer Brand: Printrbot Printer: Simple Black Supports: No How I Designed This Tutorial Design Steps: Find a picture of the Sumerian seal (or logo/message/cartoon etc.) you want to trace. Use google image search and search for: "Sumerian Seal" (1.1 Optional: To make things more easy but less good final result, Click on "search tool" button and click color > "white" and find a nice line drawing of your subject of choice.) Import your picture and Digital trace the outlines of top view of your picture of the seal (or logo/message/cartoon etc.) using Adobe Illustrator and the pen tool. -Export as .SVG file. (GIMP +SVG plugin is a free alternative option) (Or if you choose option 1.1 in the first step you can skip the time consuming pen tracing and instead selected "Image trace" and play with the threshold slider to find the best result) Import the SVG into Sketchup close al faces and extrude faces Keep in mind: The overhang/support material 3d Printer capability's Only the parts you want to press into the clay need to be extruded. Export OBJ/STL Import in Blender and roll the model (Youtube Tutorial -> youtube.com/watch?v=b4ADqHZNKrQ ) Export OBJ/STL Import back into Sketchup and add a cylinder core -keep in mind the overhang/support material Import into Meshmixer and make it solid Select your model and press the edit button > Make solid (Good alternative option https://makeprintable.com/ ) (Keep in mind, not all of the above steps are mentioned precisely, and you may need to fix some small issues on your own.) Final result: Sumerian seal VA-243 Searching line drawings using Google image search and search tool option. Tracing the seal image using Illustrator and the pen tool. Close faces and extrude using Sketchup Press and roll the 3d printed cylinder seal into the clay After drying the clay (24hrs) After painting (paint used: Citadel Shade: Nuln Oil) Custom Section Project: ANCIENT 3D PRINTER ◦Project Name: ANCIENT 3D PRINTER Overview & Background: Ancient visual way of teaching and storytelling Ancient technology for quick spreading of information How to use these seals Simple way of analogue "3d printing" Ancient "3d printing" technique Objectives: Learn about an ancient communication method Learn about history Learn about Sumerians Learn about 3d modeling and printing (if you want to design it by yourself) Learn how to bend flat 3d models (if you want to design a seal by yourself) Audiences: Age 5+ (ancient 3d printing in clay) Everyone, but for designing the seal by yourself you will need some free tools and patience to master them. Subjects: Science, History, (digital)media, Information, technology, mystery, alternative history, knowledge Skills Learned: 2d tracing 3d modeling Using your own created 3d tool to transfer your created impression into clay Lesson/Activity: Trace 2d image Make 2d traced image in 3d shape Bending your 3d shapes Printing and transferring your design into clay Duration: around: 4x 2.5 hour (?) Preparation: Knowledge: Some experience with 2d/3d software, 3d printing and preparation experience is required. Material and other hardware: 3d printer, Clay, (optional: Paint & Brush) Software needed: Illustrator (/GIMP), Sketchup, Meshmixer, Blender https://www.gimp.org/ (free) http://www.sketchup.com ("free") http://www.meshmixer.com/ (free) https://www.blender.org/ (free) References: Wikipedia: Cylinder seal: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cylinder_seal Rubric & Assessment: At the end of the tutorial, you should have a seal with your own inscription. and have a clay tablet with your transferred inscription Handouts & Assets: Please see the attached pictures Thank you for reading. If you found this information and model useful please support and press the like and follow button. And don't forget to check out my other models and tutorials . Custom Section Extra info (i'm getting a lot of downloads on my models, yet i don't see much people post back there printed results, if you want people continue to provide FREE models, please provide something back in return: Pictures, Comments, Tip money, a Thank you, a Follow or a Like...) Thanks for watching, If you enjoy this model please support and check out my other models and tutorials: . For example: LASERBEAM http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:2159251 Ancient "3d printing" Technique (Cylinder Seal VA-243) (Tutorial + Example) http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:1597817 Megabyte Bust - Reboot (Low-Poly) http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:2117499 D-WAVE 2X - Quantum Computer http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:1731287 The Ark of the Covenant - Diorama-KIT http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:1755163